Architect: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886-1969) - Chicago.
Between 1946 and 1951 Mies van der Rohe designed and built the Farnsworth House, a weekend retreat outside Chicago for an independent professional woman, Dr. Edith Farnsworth. Here, Mies explored the relationship between the individual, man-made shelter, and nature. This masterpiece showed the world that exposed industrial structural steel and glass were materials capable of great architecture. The glass pavilion is raised six feet above a floodplain next to the Fox River, surrounded by forest and rural prairies. The highly crafted pristine white structural frame and all-glass walls define a simple rectangular interior space, letting nature and light envelop the interior space. A wood paneled core (housing mechanical equipment, kitchen, fireplace, and toilets) is positioned within the open space to define the living, dining and sleeping spaces without using walls to surround rooms. No partitions touch the surrounding all-glass enclosure. Without solid exterior walls, full-height draperies on a perimeter track allows freedom to provide full or partial privacy when and where desired.
Since its completion in 1951, the Farnsworth house has been meticulously maintained and restored. The most important restoration took place in 1972, when then owner Peter Palumbo hired the firm of Mies van der Rohe's grandson, Dirk Lohan, to restore the house to its original appearance. A second restoration took place in 1996, after a devastating flood damaged the interior. Although the house was built to resist floods, building in the surrounding area has caused higher flood levels in recent decades.
[zie ook de eigen website
van het Farnsworth House]